Skin in the game of diversity

So I had my own piece of constructive feedback for tech conferences a few weeks ago.
Okay you may call it a rant. It was close.
Actually it was. For a good cause. Diversity.

As a blogger I could just lean back.
Now it was time for my action. Skin in the game.

Target One

This year I was on a test conference. The number of female speakers was low. Some male speakers might say:
“Let’s double the number of female speakers. Fine with us.”
“Thanks guys.”

There was one female co speaker. That makes two female co speakers.
Wait. Now let’s look at the incredible number of female keynote speakers of 0.
2 times 0 makes 0. If this would be quadrupled or octodupled, it would remain a disappointing 0.

In my experience there are more great female testers than 2 in the Netherlands. Let’s give them a place on stage. Main stage please. Thanks in advance.

In the past no correspondence was possible about the proposal selection process of this conference. Discussion takes time especially with Dutchmen. So a bit of transparency might help.

“You’ve got a question. What is your question?”
“I think that there are great stories of women out there. We don’t have the time to coach them.”
“Just go to speaking-easy.com.”

“But this is a Dutch conference.”
“Indeed. But English is no problem for the attendees.”
“There are no Dutch coaches.”
“That also worries me a lot. A testing country without Dutch speaking coaches is strange.”

My first tweet to the conference was a wish for 2018: more female speakers than in 2017. No reaction at all. That was my target practicing. Next.

The next tweet was aimed to the chairman. I remembered two announcements of keynote speakers:

  • “When I was in London for BCS, I met [white male speaker]. I was quite impressed with his talk, so [ ….]”
  • “The other keynote speaker is [white male speaker] . I met him at TestBash Netherlands. “

Now let me stress that I am impressed with the test experience and knowledge of these keynote speakers. Now imagine two female keynote speakers and my reaction would be double wow.

Ready, aim, tweet.
My friendly request to the chairman was to have a look at a list of female testers in case of keynotes.
The answer was considerate: some of the ladies had already spoken as keynote speakers, but he would try to get other ladies on stage.

My tweet had an unexpected side effect, which I had not anticipated. A case of collateral praise. One female speaker reacted with “cool and Very proud” to be on this list.

Target zero
A few weeks ago Rosie Sherry pointed to a whole discussion about #PayToSpeak. As a speaker it is the norm to pay your travelling and accommodation costs. Both Rosie and I don’t like this.

I reacted with a Balanced Conference Card.
Just answer enough questions with Yes and you have a balanced conference.

“Why was TestBash target 0?”
“It was not. TestBash is one of the conferences focused on balance.”
“Why did you call this paragraph ‘Target 0’?”
“It is an inside joke.
Programmers always count from 0.”

Anyways my blog post ended up in the newsletter of Ministry of Testing. Thanks.

A week ago there was another discussion about female speakers. I pointed to my blog post. Somehow I ended up as an ally.

Target Two Too
Next tweet target was a huge European test conference.
You know: this size fits only one in Europe.
I actually was hesitant to send a tweet, but a disappointed tweet of a famous tester about another male lineup at a conf pushed me out of my comfort zone into my action zone.

Now comes the scary part.
The program chair had no Twitter account. A few years ago this was already mentionable according to his track chair. So I picked the conf itself.

I thought it was good to praise the conference organisers for actions taken for a diverse lineup this year. The aforementioned famous tester was also pleased with the steps taken in the past. So I retweeted her reaction with the request to keep up the good work.

This left an unaddressed program committee.
I tweeted a female member of the program committee to repeat the success of diverse lineup of this year. She did not react.

The conf did. Gender bias was taken care of by making the proposals anonymous. Reads good to me.

Target Two Too
By now you know the drill:

So if you want to have more diversity, you have my permission to use these actions.
Excuse me for scaring you.

Some tech confs have questions about diversity.  I respect their point of view. I heard really good stories about first time speakers supported by Speak easy
Oops let me add this to the list above.[v]

Conferences want praise from their attendees. So give New Voices a stage like Agile Testing Days. You know what: those first time speakers have a lot of keynote potential in themselves.

Little thought experiment
Bio 1: I am a white male speaker. My dad sent me to the best schools and universities, because he could afford it. I now work at a Fortune 500 company.

Bio 2: I am an African American woman. I grew up in the Bronx. We were really poor. The only times we saw a computer it was on the television.

One day I was invited by Per Scholas. They thought I was bright. I laughed. They suggested something with computers. Me and computers, I could not stop laughing for 1 minute.

Anyway I got some really good teachers. And I could touch a computer without some comment like:
“Hey, what you’re doing?”
It was not that difficult to pick up things. It was logical.

For me the time with Per Scholas was like a Christmas story. After school it would be back in the shop selling veggies. You know what. I got a good job offer. Ain’t that great?

“Wait you are writing everything down.”
“Sure.”
“But that is not a good bio.”
“I assure it adds so much flavour.”

Of course I am biased, if I see those bios.

  • A very influential tester once told me, he would like to follow the Per Scholas course. And he is already good.
  • These days I have to learn a lot just to keep up. What could this woman teach me about struggling and keeping faith?
  • I want to see the underdog.

Okay recruiters, don’t send me mails now.
I have a disappointing message for you. Both bios are fake.
Because this is a thought experience: you know like imaginary or hypothetical or dreamed up.

Target Me
Now what is all that stuff about skin in the game?
Good question. Which needs a good answer.

If I get accepted by a tech conf and there is big unbalance, then I will bail out.
I won’t speak.
This talk will be dearly missed on my CV and my Conference Speaker Bingo Card,  but that is my skin in the game.

Side notes

  • I am going to submit to 2 #PayToSpeak confs in the next few weeks. Although I don’t like this.
  • One conference is part of yearly package deal membership under 100 Euro. This club offers a lot to the testing community. So I give something back.
  • One conference is so nearby I lose a small amount of money for travelling. I can sleep at home.
  • And I want break my streak of speaking every other year. In the meantime I have this, a blog to practice my speaking skills.

A Balanced Conference Card

This year a woman thanked for joining a group of attendees at a tech conference. I forgot it, until social media showed a lot of interest in bad behaviour.

I planned to post this post weeks later, but the stories became more unbelievable as time progressed. One female speaker blogged about an invitation to share a room with the event organiser. Another female speaker did a remote talk after receiving death threats.

Last week a whole discussion on Twitter started about paying speakers. This basically means that not all relevant voices are heard because of the costs. According to me that is bad. I’ll write later on why.

We live in an unbalanced world. We live in a time, that we need role models, who look like us. We live in a world, where talent still can be found.

These are some questions for conferences to provide better balance.

1. Conference Announcement

  • Are there any pictures of attendees and speakers?
  • Are there differences in gender and colour on these pictures?
  • Would you be comfortable with them?
  • Were any incidents in previous conferences handled well?

2. Call for papers

  • Has the program committee women and men?
  • Are there is a good mix of consultants and perople who are not consultants in the committee?
  • Are pictures shown of speakers from previous speakers?
  • Is the proposal clear?
  • Is help provided with the proposal?
  • Is it clear, what kind of talks are asked?
  • Is it clear, which costs of the speakers is being covered?
  • Does the conference cover all  costs of the speakers?
  • Are special slots for first time speakers?
  • Is help provided for speakers?

Awesome example: http://codelandconf.com/#cfp

3. Program announcement
Looking at the selected speakers and talks, is there a good balance in

  • Gender
  • Race
  • Experience in topic
  • Experience in speaking
  • Hands on talks / workshops versus high level talks
  • Soft skills vs hard skills
  • Are keynote speakers female and/or people of colour?

4. Communication
For attendee

  • Is it clear, what you need for a session? Laptop or Java knowledge.
  • Is the level or the talk clear?
  • Is clear speaker info provided?
  • Is speaker information only sent to the speakers?

For speaker

  • Do you have all information to give your talk before you enter the conference centre?

5. Conference day(s)
For speaker

  • Is it clear, who the track chair is for the presentation?
  • Does the track chair support the speaker before, during, and after the talk?
  • Are the technical facilities taken care of?
  • Is the Code of Conduct used?
    Great example is Agile Testing Days.

For attendee

  • Is there room for questions?
  • Is it possible to talk to the speaker after her or his talk?
  • Is the Code of Conduct used?

6. The days after

  • Is there an evaluation?
  • Are relevant actions taken to provide a more balanced program?

How do we know as conference organisers, whether the conference is balanced?

There is healthy number of yes.

Bottom line

  • Is it safe to organise?
  • Is it safe to speak?
  • Is it safe to attend?

Elaborate notes
Note about hands on:
If you want a dev conference, I understand live coding sessions and an occasional manager with useful tips for devs. For a C level conf – only people with Chief in their job title – I expect only high level speeches. A coder with the right level of abstraction might fit in. The target audience is something to think about.

Note about choices:
There are conferences which focus on the quality of the talk. This is dangerous: attendees get great stories from the same people or the same companies for years. Their company is not my company. I need different contexts to make a good choice what to apply in my firm. As my scrum master once summarised: “It was a consultant selling his own product.”

Note about #paytospeak:
Why is there so many fuss about #paytospeak?
Let’s suppose I get accepted by conference in Italy. They offer me a free ticket to the three day conference. That sounds quite generous.
The following costs I will make for

  • Traveling to the airport
  • Plane ticket
  • Cabs or public traffic in Italy
  • Four nights in a hotel  with breakfast
  • Lunches and dinners for 4 days

I would not be surprised to spend 1000 Euro just for speaking. This sum might increase, because conferences often take place in touristic places.
So I could go to my employer, but my budget is limited. I once paid all my travelling costs and I was really lucky that accommodation and food was included.

If I would be accepted for 2 talks at tech conferences abroad, I have to use money on my saving account. So it is pretty costly to talk abroad, if these are #paytospeak conferences. I have to pay to speak. I don’t even break even and I will lose money.
And I don’t bill all the hundreds of hours I spent to get a decent talk.

Now I gonna write something weird. Suppose I have a new revolutionary way to test software and I would speak at all #paytospeak conferences abroad, then my bank would really notice this within a year. Even if I am a keynote speaker.

Note about diversity:
Do you know that story about the white male project leader, the yellow man and the African European woman?
No. Okay. The white male project leader, the yellow man and the African European woman entered the conference centre. In the keynote the white male project leader gave his extended pitch about the context. Then I, the yellow man, blew the minds of the audience telling about a multi dimensional test model. The African European woman remained seated and she deserved a place on stage.

Months earlier In my second week on the project there was something harsh in the air. For months the team had struggled with this software test model. The progress was low in the previous weeks. The male project members were starting to grind their teeth, when the African European woman politely requested to test two models. There were still grunts, but the other project members eventually gave in after friendly words from her.

So the project team split in two sub teams using two different models. At the end the outcomes were compared. The result was almost the same. Her model was the most easy one to use. The team spirit was back in town.

In that same week I got my Eureka moment. I could make some nice extensions to the model. Think about third and fourth dimensions. I only needed a push and she provided that.

One project day I met her. She was all smiling. She told me about a presentation of the model to her team mates. They were very experienced testers and they could not believe that the model was feasible for their context. She just answered all the questions all alone. And I had missed all the fun.

In the weeks before the keynote I asked her to speak several times. She replied with:
“That is not a place for me. You just talk.”
My project leader raised his shoulders:
“She is too modest.”

This is the story about an African European woman who used her kindness to save a project. This story is also about cultures. This is something I want to share with you the reader.

Note about proximity:
This year Marcel Gehlen explained the zone of proximity to me. If someone is in my zone of proximity, then I can easily tell how things can be done. An example, if you are an experienced tester and familiar with mind maps, I can point you to Test Insane.
An example how things could go wrong: one of my kids sometimes sighs very hard:
“Could you please explain this in children’s language?”

Most conferences tend to choose speakers with years of experience: a decade minus or plus 5 years in the subject. If I am unfamiliar with the subject, then there is chance that I don’t understand the speaker. I would call it a case of different proximity zone.

One evening I was browsing through a blog post. The same kid showed attention, so I showed a Visual First Person Customer Journey. Sorry for the click bait. I could not resist it.

I asked: “What is this about?”
“It is about a cinema visit.”
“How do you know?”
“It is the popcorn.”
[Pointing to the door with the heart]
“What does this mean?”

“It is the toilet.”
“How do you know that?”
“They use it in comics.””
I just had entered the kid’s Zone of Proximity.

Let me change the situation. I have to tell about my struggle with Test Driven Development in the first years. The first year I can really recall all the pitfalls I fell in. In the second year things become natural for me and the impact on TDD starters is becoming less and less. Basically my story has an expiry date. It will be lost unless I blog about it.

Experience reports can be useful:
If I want to learn advanced HTML, I need JavaScript and CSS. If I want to learn CSS, I need HTML. If I want to learn JavaScript I need HTML. You want to know how I tried to solve this puzzle?

Experience does not always count. Warning: some absurd situation ahead.
“How many times did you do this?”
“About four times”
“And you think we should support you. Listen to your story?”
“Look I brought you a potato and tobacco. People will love them.”
“We had something else in mind: spices. Do you understand, Mister Christopher Columbus?”

Note about female speakers:
At the beginning of this month Cory Foy had almost no female candidates for CTO. He just tweeted and got 27 awesome candidates.  And counting.

What really stuck, was this statement:
“I don’t want to ever here an excuse for not having amazing females for senior positions or at conferences again. ”
Focus on conferences again? Good, keep this in mind.

This year a list of top test automation people was published on the web. This list was strange: there were almost no women on the list. A spontaneous brainstorm session started. A lot of names of women were mentioned. This lead to the following two lists of female testers:

In case a conference organiser still cannot find good female testing speakers, I honestly won’t understand it.

Note about compensation;
This year an upcoming female speaker asked a #paytospeak conference about, how costs could be compensated. The answer was none except for keynote speakers. She was in the right league, so she asked for specifics. The conference answered that there was a limit. This could be called reasonable.

Unfortunately the limit amount could not cover the trip from New Zealand to Europe. This lady is one of the organisers of a conference in New Zealand which covered travel and accommodation costs for all speakers. Including one from the UK and one from the USA. This year.

Also this year. A female speaker had a question about a compensation for a co speaker. She wanted to talk about pairing in software development. The conference answered that only one speaker would be compensated. Now you can argue, that pairing cannot be demonstrated by a single woman or man. This lady happened to organise a conference which compensate the costs of all speakers, even the co speakers. BTW on Twitter I already saw one relieved female speaker of Euro Testing Conference. The plane tickets were compensated two months before the start of the conference.

TestBash has also great compensation for speakers. It was updated and republished after the #paytospeak discussion.

Note about harassment:
It was late in the evening, but the disco was packed. People were dancing on the floor having a good time. Some young women were approached by men. There was no contact, so another man tried, retried, and retried again. I knew these women. As a man I had to do something.

I just stood there looking up. I was like uncle Vernon looking at Hagrid angry that some family history had not been shared with Harry. The music started to fade for me as we locked eyes. I put all my indignation in my stare and did not back off. He put all his irritation in his stare …
and backed off.

Slowly the volume of the music went up for me. I noticed that people were dancing.

The following day one of the women thanked me. Apparently I had done something right.